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Basic Training Tips for Your New Puppy

Bringing a new puppy home is an exciting journey filled with cuddles, playtime, and unforgettable moments. However, it's also crucial to start training early to ensure your furry friend grows into a well-behaved and happy adult dog. Here are some essential tips to help you navigate the basics of puppy training.

Start with the Basics: Sit, Stay, Come

Training should start simple. Focus on basic commands like "sit," "stay," and "come." These commands are the foundation of good behaviour and can help keep your puppy safe in potentially dangerous situations.

1. Sit: Hold a treat close to your puppy’s nose and move your hand up, allowing their head to follow the treat and causing their bottom to lower. Once they’re in the sitting position, say “sit,” give them the treat, and share affection.

2. Stay: Ask your puppy to "sit." Then open the palm of your hand in front of you, and say "stay." Take a few steps back. Reward them with a treat and affection if they stay even for a few seconds. Gradually increase the duration and distance.

3. Come: Put a lead and collar on your puppy. Go down to their level and say "come," while gently pulling on the leash. When they get to you, reward them with affection and a treat.

Use Positive Reinforcement

Positive reinforcement is key in puppy training. This method involves rewarding your puppy for good behaviour, which increases the likelihood of that behaviour being repeated. Use treats, praises, or toys as rewards. Be consistent with your rewards and give them immediately after your puppy does something right. This helps them understand which actions are being rewarded.

Consistency is Crucial

Consistency is the cornerstone of effective training. Everyone in your household should use the same commands and rules. This prevents confusion and helps your puppy learn more quickly. Additionally, try to train in short sessions—5 to 10 minutes long—several times a day. Puppies have short attention spans, and shorter sessions keep them engaged and learning.

Socialise Your Puppy

Socialisation is just as important as command training. Expose your puppy to different people, dogs, environments, and situations. The key is to ensure these experiences are positive and not overwhelming. Proper socialisation can reduce fearfulness and aggression in adult dogs, making them more well-adjusted and easier to manage.

Tackle Toilet Training

Toilet training is often one of the most challenging parts of bringing up a puppy but is vital for a harmonious home life. Establish a routine, taking your puppy outside frequently, especially after eating, drinking, playing, or sleeping. Choose a bathroom spot outside, and always take them there to do their business. Praise them warmly after they've finished. If they have an accident indoors, do not punish them. Instead, quietly clean it up and ensure to take them out more frequently.

Deal with Biting and Teething

Puppies naturally nip and bite as they explore their world. Teach them that biting is not acceptable by substituting a toy when they try to bite hands or feet. If they bite too hard during play, let out a loud yelp and stop the play to teach them that the fun stops with hard biting. This mimics the feedback they would receive from other puppies.


Training a puppy requires patience, consistency, and lots of love. Remember, every puppy is unique and may learn at their own pace. Celebrate small victories and remain patient with setbacks. With the right approach, training your new puppy can be a rewarding experience that sets the stage for a lifetime of companionship.

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